Select a specific condition below to view its details.
The heart is the pump responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. Myocardium (myo=muscle + cardium=muscle) is the heart muscle that contracts to pump that blood and like any other muscle, it requires oxygen rich blood for energy. Angina pectoris describes the pain, discomfort, or other symptoms that occur when blood flow to heart muscle cells is not enough to meet its energy needs.
The classic description of angina is a crus Read More
- Aortic valve stenosis
Aortic stenosis is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. A number of conditions cause disease resulting in narrowing of the aortic valve. When the degree of narrowing becomes significant enough to impede the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the arteries, heart problems develop. The basic mechanism is as follows:
The heart is a muscular pump with four chambers and four heart valves.
The upper chambers, the rig Read More
A heart arrhythmia (uh-RITH-me-uh) is an irregular heartbeat. Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly. The faulty signalling causes the heart to beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia) or irregularly.
Heart arrhythmias may feel like a fluttering or racing heart and may be harmless. However, som Read More
- Atrial fibrillation
Some people with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms and are unaware of their condition until it's discovered during a physical examination. Those who do have atrial fibrillation symptoms may experience signs and symptoms such as:
Palpitations, which are sensations of a racing, uncomfortable, irregular heartbeat or a flip-flopping in your chest
Reduced ability to exercise
- Heart disease and cardiac catheterization
Heart diseases are caused by various factors and are of multiple types. While some heart diseases are related to the blood vessels and arteries, others might be caused due to irregular heart rhythm. The types of heart diseases with their symptoms can be seen below.
•Problems in blood vessels- fatty plaques in the arteries and damaged or blocked blood vessels can cause heart diseases, whose symptoms include chest pain or pressure, or discomfort Read More
- Heart disease in women
Heart disease in women is more prevalent nowadays. But there are things you can do to protect your heart. Here are some medications to help you with it:ACE inhibitors: These drugs help control blood pressure and reduce the risk of strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.Beta blockers: These drugs slow down your heart rate and reduce blood pressure by reducing the force with which your heart pumps blood Read More
- Lung cancer
Your overall health, the type, and stage of your illness, as well as your preferences, all play a role in the cancer treatment plan that you and your doctor decide on. You might decide in some circumstances not to receive therapy. For instance, you might believe that the risks of the medication outweigh any potential advantages. If that is the case, your doctor might advise comfort care, which merely addresses cancer's associated Read More
- The heart and vascular disease
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with Read More
- Ventricular septal defect
A ventricular septal defect is the second most cardiac abnormality in adults, often congenital. The ventricular septum is a curved structure that demarcates the two ventricles of the heart. Developmental abnormality of septal formation during complex processes of cardiac morphogenesis leads to the defect. VSDs can occur due to genetic factors such as chromosomal aberrations, single genes, and polygenic mutations. Toxins like a Read More