Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
An aorta is basically the major artery responsible for supplying blood from the heart to the rest of the body. An abdominal aorta is the main blood vessel at the level of the abdomen. Hence, an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm is the enlargement of this abdominal aorta which can be fatal if it implodes. It is common in older men and chain smokers. Cure/medications for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm With safe and effecti Read More
The heart is the pump responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. Myocardium (myo=muscle + cardium=muscle) is the heart muscle that contracts to pump that blood and like any other muscle, it requires oxygen rich blood for energy. Angina pectoris describes the pain, discomfort, or other symptoms that occur when blood flow to heart muscle cells is not enough to meet its energy needs.
The classic description of angina is a crus Read More
- Aortic valve stenosis
Aortic stenosis is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. A number of conditions cause disease resulting in narrowing of the aortic valve. When the degree of narrowing becomes significant enough to impede the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the arteries, heart problems develop. The basic mechanism is as follows:
The heart is a muscular pump with four chambers and four heart valves.
The upper chambers, the rig Read More
A heart arrhythmia (uh-RITH-me-uh) is an irregular heartbeat. Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly. The faulty signalling causes the heart to beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia) or irregularly.
Heart arrhythmias may feel like a fluttering or racing heart and may be harmless. However, som Read More
Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis causes cartilage — the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint — to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune syst Read More
- Arthritis, infectious
Infectious arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints that occurs as a result of infection by bacteria, viruses or, less frequently, fungi or parasites. The symptoms of Infectious arthritis depend upon which agent has caused the infection but symptoms often include fever, chills, general weakness, and headaches, followed by inflammation and painful swelling of one or more joints of the body.Most often, the infection begins Read More
- Atrial fibrillation
Some people with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms and are unaware of their condition until it's discovered during a physical examination. Those who do have atrial fibrillation symptoms may experience signs and symptoms such as:
Palpitations, which are sensations of a racing, uncomfortable, irregular heartbeat or a flip-flopping in your chest
Reduced ability to exercise
- Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)
Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) is a condition where abnormal cells grow excessively inside the numerous bile ducts. This growth is about 4-5 inches long, moving bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine. Bile is the fluid that helps in digesting the food your body intakes. Cure/medications for Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) This is a chronic disease, and hence, it has no cure. Read More
- Bladder cancer
Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:
Blood in urine (hematuria)
If you have hematuria, your urine may appear bright red or cola colored. Sometimes, urine may not look any different, but blood in urine may be detected during a microscopic exam of the urine.
People with bladder cancer might also experience:
Freque Read More
- Bladder cancer (cancer of the urinary bladder)
The urinary bladder is the female urinary system. The female urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, this helps in the removal of waste from the body through urine. Bladder cancer is a very common type of cancer that starts in the cells i.e. urothelial cells of the bladder, these cells also connect the kidneys to the bladder. Bladder cancer can be detected at an early stage and treated accordingly but once treated i Read More
- Bladder infection (cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder. Bladder infection is also called cystitis and is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI). The urinary tract is naturally sterile and when microbes invade it, an infection may result.
The bladder is a part of the urinary tract system. It serves as storage for urine before it is excreted from the body. Urine is produced by the kidney and it travels through ureters (one from the right kidn Read More
- Bone cancer
Your bone cancer treatment options will depend on the sort of cancer you have, its stage, your general health, and your preferences. 1. Your doctors can advise you on the best course of action for your cancer since different bone malignancies respond to various treatments. For instance, some cases of bone cancer are treated with only surgery, while others are treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation thera Read More
- Bronchitis (acute)
Bronchitis is an infection that affects the lungs' major airways (bronchi), causing irritation and inflammation. Bronchitis can be classified into two types: acute and long-term. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term problem that can come back. It is usually caused by long-term stress, like smoking. Acute bronchitis is short-lived. Most cases go away in a few days, but the cough may last for a few weeks. Each side of your windpipe has its own set of Read More
- Calcific bursitis
A bursa is a thin fluid-filled sac that reduces friction forces between tissues of the body. Chronic (repeated or long-standing) inflammation of the bursa (bursitis) can lead to calcification of the bursa. This is referred to as "calcific bursitis." The calcium deposits (calcification) can occur as long as the inflammation is present and remain after it has resolved. Calcific bursitis occurs most commonly at the shoulder (in the bursa adjacent Read More
- Cancer of the uterus (uterine cancer or endometrial cancer)
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer may include:
Vaginal bleeding after menopause
Bleeding between periods
- Colitis, ulcerative
Currently, there is no cure available for Ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative Colitis is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that results in colon inflammation. Even though there is no cure, there are various promising treatment options available to treat the symptoms, including,Medications – Medications are used to suppress the inflammation of the colon and heal the tissues over time. It also effec Read More
- Colon cancer (colorectal cancer)
Colon cancer (colorectal cancer) is also named colorectal cancer that begins in the rectum or can also be named bowel cancer or rectal cancer. Colon means the large intestine, and this cancer begins in the large intestine. This is included in the digestive tract. A small, noncancerous clump of cells, i.e., polyps formed inside the colon, is the starting point of the color cancer, and therefore doctors generally advise removing Read More
- Cystic disease of the renal medulla
Cystic disease of the renal medulla is a serious condition that can cause permanent damage if not treated. Kidney disease is common in older people, but it's important to know what risk factors you may have so that you can get treatment as soon as possible.The risk factors for the cystic disease of the renal medulla include:Age - It seems like people who are older are more likely to get this dis Read More
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (dka)
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a very serious diabetic complication where the body starts to produce high levels of blood acid - ketones. This is a condition where your body is not able to produce enough insulin naturally by the body. The treatments which are currently prescribed for KDA are-Fluid Replacement: Depending on your situation, you will receive fluids to help you rehydrate. This is do Read More
- E. coli
Signs and symptoms of E. coli O157:H7 infection typically begin three or four days after exposure to the bacteria, though you may become ill as soon as one day after to more than a week later. Signs and symptoms include:
Diarrhea, which may range from mild and watery to severe and bloody
Abdominal cramping, pain or tenderness
Nausea and vomiting, in some people
When to see a doctor
C Read More
The signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and stage of your condition. For example:
Patchy blind spots in your side (peripheral) or central vision, frequently in both eyes
Tunnel vision in the advanced stages
Acute angle-closure glaucoma
Nausea and vomiting
Halos Read More
- Gout (gouty arthritis)
Gout (gouty arthritis), a rheumatological disease, can be cured.Gout is characterized by painful redness and swelling of the affected joints that occurs through the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints as a result of hyperuricemia.Gout is an extremely painful and incapacitating disease but is extremely treatable in almost all patients.It is important to identify and treat it early to avoid p Read More
- Heart disease and cardiac catheterization
Heart diseases are caused by various factors and are of multiple types. While some heart diseases are related to the blood vessels and arteries, others might be caused due to irregular heart rhythm. The types of heart diseases with their symptoms can be seen below.
•Problems in blood vessels- fatty plaques in the arteries and damaged or blocked blood vessels can cause heart diseases, whose symptoms include chest pain or pressure, or discomfort Read More
- Heart disease in women
Heart disease in women is more prevalent nowadays. But there are things you can do to protect your heart. Here are some medications to help you with it:ACE inhibitors: These drugs help control blood pressure and reduce the risk of strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.Beta blockers: These drugs slow down your heart rate and reduce blood pressure by reducing the force with which your heart pumps blood Read More
- Lung cancer
Your overall health, the type, and stage of your illness, as well as your preferences, all play a role in the cancer treatment plan that you and your doctor decide on. You might decide in some circumstances not to receive therapy. For instance, you might believe that the risks of the medication outweigh any potential advantages. If that is the case, your doctor might advise comfort care, which merely addresses cancer's associated Read More
- Male breast cancer
Cure/medications for male breast cancer: Male breast cancer treatment often involves surgery and may also include other treatments. 1. Surgery The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and surrounding breast tissue. The procedures include: (i) Removing all of the breast tissue (mastectomy): This is a procedure where the surgeon removes all of your breast tissue, including the nippl Read More
- Multiple polyposis of the colon
However, some people with colon polyps may experience:
Rectal bleeding. This can be a sign of colon polyps or cancer or other conditions, such as hemorrhoids or minor tears of the anus.
Change in stool color. Blood can show up as red streaks in your stool or make stool appear black. A change in color may also be caused by certain foods, medications or dietary supplements.
Change in bowel habits. Constipation Read More
Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation that results from cartilage degeneration.
Osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
The most common symptom of osteoarthritis is pain in the affected joint(s) after repetitive use.
There is no blood test for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis.
The goal of treatment in osteoarthritis is to red Read More
- Penis cancer
Penis cancer occurs when cancerous cells in your genitals proliferate uncontrollably. The risk factors for penis cancer include:Tobacco consumption- Cigarette smoking, chewing tobacco, and snuff use all raise your risk of developing penile cancer. Tobacco use can impair your body's ability to fight illness, increasing your risk. Tobacco usage can cause cell damage, which can lead to cancer. HIV- Penile cancer is mo Read More
- Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis
Phlebitis is an inflammation of veins, whereas thrombophlebitis is phlebitis with the clotting of blood in the affected vein. Treatment Supportive therapy includes elevation of the affected extremity, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, warm or cold compress, compression stockings, and increased ambulation. 1. Superficial thrombophlebitis An intermediate subcutaneous dose of low-molecular-weigh Read More
- Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
- Psoriatic arthritis
Both psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis are chronic diseases that get worse over time, but you may have periods when your symptoms improve or go into remission alternating with times when symptoms become worse.
Psoriatic arthritis can affect joints on just one side or on both sides of your body. The signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis often resemble those of rheumatoid arthritis. Both diseases cause joints to become painful, swoll Read More
- Pyogenic arthritis
If septic arthritis occurs in an artificial joint (prosthetic joint infection), signs and symptoms such as minor pain and swelling may develop months or years after knee replacement or hip replacement surgery. Also, a loosening of the joint may occur, which causes pain while moving the joint or while putting weight on the joint. Typically, the pain goes away when at rest. In extreme cases, the joint may become dislocated. Read More
- The heart and vascular disease
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke.
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other signs and symptoms along with Read More
- Urethro-oculo-articular syndrome
Reactive arthritis is a general term for a form of joint inflammation (arthritis) that develops as a "reaction" to an infection in another area of the body (i.e., outside of the joints). Joint inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, pain and warmth in and around the affected joint. In reactive arthritis, the large joints of the lower limbs and the sacroiliac joints are most often affected. Two other common symptoms of reactive arth Read More
- Vacterl association
The causes of Vacterl association disease (VAD) are unknown, but it's been linked to certain viruses like West Nile and Zika. When infection with a virus happens during pregnancy, it can cause VAD in the fetus or newborn. VAD can also be caused by exposure to other substances like toxic chemicals, radiation, and certain medicines during pregnancy.There are many risk factors for viral association. Read More
- Ventricular septal defect
A ventricular septal defect is the second most cardiac abnormality in adults, often congenital. The ventricular septum is a curved structure that demarcates the two ventricles of the heart. Developmental abnormality of septal formation during complex processes of cardiac morphogenesis leads to the defect. VSDs can occur due to genetic factors such as chromosomal aberrations, single genes, and polygenic mutations. Toxins like a Read More